Texts Online

Acta Sanctorum: The Full Text Database
The Acta Sanctorum Database is an electronic version of the complete printed text of Acta Sanctorum, from the edition published in sixty-eight volumes by the Societé des Bollandistes in Antwerp and Brussels. It is a collection of documents examining the lives of saints, organised according to each saint’s feast day, and runs from the two January volumes published in 1643 to the Propylaeum to December published in 1940. The Acta Sanctorum Database contains the complete Acta Sanctorum, including all prefatory material, original texts, critical apparatus and indices. Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina reference numbers, essential references for scholars, are also included.

The Anglo-American Legal Tradition
Documents from Medieval and Early Modern England from the National Archives in London. This site now contains 9,250,000 frames of historical material from the U.K. National Archives from 1176 into the Early Modern period. There is no charge for access and documents can be browsed on-line or downloaded.The main document series on the site are CP40 (court of common pleas plea rolls), KB27 (court of king’s bench plea rolls), KB26 (king’s bench and common pleas plea rolls from Henry III), E159 and E368 (exchequer memoranda rolls), C33 (chancery orders and decrees), CP25(1) (feet of fines), DL5 (duchy decrees and orders), and REQ1 (court of requests orders and decrees). Examples of other series are also available. The AALT website runs through the O’Quinn Law Library at the University of Houston under a non-commercial license from the U.K. National Archives. This website is straightforward and easy to use, and also contains sample transcriptions to help users understand the scripts involved, as well as advice on reading court cases.

ARTFL Project – Multilingual Bibles
Multilingual Biblical texts in a searchable format.

Avalon Project
The Avalon Project has digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government. Its organizers intend not to hold only static text but rather to add value to the text by linking to supporting documents expressly referred to in the body of the text.

Die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek 
Online version of the state library of Bavaria. There is a significant collection of medieval edited volumes, including most of the MGH (helpful in case the MGH is not working), as well as some manuscripts in PDF.

Bibliography. Race and Medieval Studies: A Partial Bibliography
Jonathan Hsy and Julie Orlemanski have facilitated this bibliography, which was crowdsourced online over the last 6+ months before publication. It is published in Postmedieval: A Journal of Medieval Cultural Studies, but Springer has agreed to keep the bibliography permanently available outside of any paywall in recognition of its open-access, collaborative, and anti-racist origins. Suggestions for additions or changes are still open. The first part of the bibliography consists of scholarly sources, ordered alphabetically by author; the second, shorter section gathers selected blog posts and journalism, also ordered alphabetically by author.

Bibliotheca Augustana
Extensive online collection of texts from all periods organised geographically. Can be searched both chronologically and alphabetically.

Bibliotheca Latinitatis Mediaevalis
Online edited collection of various medieval texts. Can be searched both chronologically and alphabetically.

Bloomsbury Medieval Studies
Bloomsbury Medieval Studies is a new interdisciplinary digital resource with a global perspective. It will bring together high-quality secondary content with visual primary sources, a brand new reference work and pedagogical resources into one cross-searchable platform, to support students and scholars across this rich field of study. Right now, use of the resource requires registering your interest via email for a free institutional trial; individuals can also sign up to a newsletter for updates. By September 2019, this resource will be available via subscription or perpetual access to institutions worldwide.

The Book of Kells Online
The Book of Kells contains the four Gospels in Latin based on the Vulgate text which St Jerome completed in 384AD, intermixed with readings from the earlier Old Latin translation. The Gospel texts are prefaced by other texts, including “canon tables”, or concordances of Gospel passages common to two or more of the evangelists; summaries of the gospel narratives (Breves causae); and prefaces characterizing the evangelists (Argumenta). The book is written on vellum (prepared calfskin) in a bold and expert version of the script known as “insular majuscule”. It contains 340 folios, now measuring approximately 330 x 255 mm; they were severely trimmed, and their edges gilded, in the course of rebinding in the 19th century.

The Calendar and the Cloister: Oxford – St John’s College MS17
A scholarly resource devoted to a single medieval manuscript. St John’s MS17 is a compilation of texts, tables, maps and diagrams organised around the central theme of time-reckoning and calendar constructions – what in the Middle Ages was called computus. The core of computus material is surrounded by a halo of subjects which were intimately connected with time, such as astronomy, cosmology, geography, medicine, history, mathematics, and prognostication.

The Canterbury Tales Project
The Canterbury Tales Project aims to investigate the textual tradition of Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales to achieve a better understanding of the history of its composition and publication before 1500.

Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto – Medieval Links
Extensive selection of resources for medieval studies online.

Centrum Medievistických Studií
Links to Czech medieval sources online.

Chartae Burgundiae Medii Aevi
A large collection of digitized Burgundian legal and diplomatic documents like foundation acts, wills, pontifical privileges, charters and cartularies.

The Charters of William II and Henry I
During a century and more after the Norman Conquest of England the most important evidence for the workings of the realm are the charters confirming to principal churches and higher aristocracy their tenure of lands and various associated legal rights, or of other privileges, such as rights to take or exemption from tolls, and the writs issued by the king to protect the exercise of these rights. The overall aim is to collect, edit, and interpret the royal acts issued in the names of two English kings, William II (reigned 1087 to 1100), and his brother Henry I (reigned 1100 to 1135), who was also duke of Normandy from 1106 until 1135. Royal acts, mainly charters but also writs and other letters, are the prime documentary source for the period, providing the means to understand the workings of the realm in a way not possible from chronicles and other narrative sources. The files currently available on this site represent about an eighth of the material to be included in the final edition, which will be published as a multi-volume book.

City Witness: Medieval Swansea
A thriving port, a marcher base for the lords of Gower, and a multi-cultural urban community, Swansea was an important centre in the Middle Ages, comparable with many other historic European towns. Yet the medieval legacy of Swansea is almost invisible today. This project aims to further our understanding of medieval Swansea, to forge connections between the modern city and its medieval antecedent, and through digital mapping and textual analysis to reveal how medieval individuals from different cultural and ethnic communities understood and represented their town.

Codex Sinaiticus Bible
Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important books in the world. Handwritten well over 1600 years ago, the manuscript contains the Christian Bible in Greek, including the oldest complete copy of the New Testament. Its heavily corrected text is of outstanding importance for the history of the Bible and the manuscript – the oldest substantial book to survive Antiquity – is of supreme importance for the history of the book. The Codex Sinaiticus Project is an international collaboration to reunite the entire manuscript in digital form and make it accessible to a global audience for the first time. Drawing on the expertise of leading scholars, conservators and curators, the Project gives everyone the opportunity to connect directly with this famous manuscript.

The Confessions of Augustine: electronic edition
This document is an on-line reprint of Augustine: Confessions, a text and commentary by James J. O’Donnell. Each book of the text has a link to introductory commentary on that book, and each section of the text has a link to detailed comments on the section. Links within the commentary connect not only to the section of text directly being annotated, but also to other parts of the text and commentary. Footnotes in the commentary appear at the end of each book; the footnote numbers are links from the commentary text to the footnote and from the footnote text back to the commentary. Where possible, links have been provided to the texts of classical works and Biblical passages cited in the commentary. Links at the end of each book of the text and commentary allow navigation to the next book or the previous one of text, commentary, or both together.

Dafydd ap Gwilym.net
This site provides English translations of the poetry of Dafydd ap Gwilym (c.1315/1320 – c. 1350/1370), regarded as one of the leading Welsh poets and amongst the great poets of Europe in the Middle Ages.

Dante’s Monarchia
An online sample/preview of the digital edition of Dante’s Monarchia containing Prue Shaw’s edited text and translation of Dante’s treatise on political theory, supported by full transcripts of the text of all twenty manuscripts and of the 1559 editio princeps, together with digital images of all pages, many of them newly made in high-resolution full colour. A full word-by-word collation shows all variants at every word, viewable in either the original manuscript spelling or in the standardised form found in the edited text. Variant search and variant map features offer new ways of exploring the textual tradition. Editorial commentaries analyse the relations among the surviving texts, presenting the editorial rationale which guided the choice of readings contained in the edited text. Throughout, the publication interface provides access to every word in every version, to the variants on every word, and to tools and commentaries permitting exploration of the different versions.

The Dartmouth Dante Project
The Dartmouth Dante Project (DDP) is a searchable full-text database containing more than seventy commentaries on Dante’s Divine Comedy – the Commedia.

Electronic Beowulf
The Electronic Beowulf is an image-based edition of Beowulf, the great Old English poem surviving in the British Library in a composite codex known as Cotton Vitellius A. xv. In addition to digital images of the Beowulf Manuscript, Electronic Beowulf includes images of Cotton Vitellius A. xv, indispensable eighteenth-century transcriptions, copies of the 1815 first edition with early nineteenth-century collations of the manuscript, a comprehensive glossarial index, and a new edition and transcript, both with search facilities.

The Electronic Grosseteste
Contains the Latin works of Robert Grosseteste (ca. 1170-1253), accompanied by materials relating to Grosseteste’s life and the thirteenth century. Access is freely available to all users, although some parts of the site require registration.

The Electronic Sawyer 
The ‘Electronic Sawyer’ presents in searchable and browsable form a revised, updated, and expanded version of Peter Sawyer’s Anglo-Saxon Charters: an Annotated List and Bibliography, published by the Royal Historical Society in 1968. Its main content derives from Sawyer’s catalogue, with corrections and modifications, and with additional data collected by Dr. Susan Kelly, Dr. Rebecca Rushforth, and others. Dr. Rushforth was also responsible for the development of the database which lies behind the online version of this catalogue.

Epistolae: Medieval Women’s Letters
Epistolae is a collection of letters to and from women dating from the fourth to the thirteenth century AD. These letters from the Middle Ages, written in Latin, are presented with English translations and are organised by the name and biography of the women writers or recipients. Biographical sketches of the women and descriptions of the subject matter or the historic context of the letter are included where available.

EuroDocs
Includes European primary historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated.  They shed light  over a broad range of historical happenings (political, economic, social and cultural) within their respective countries. The order of documents is chronological wherever possible, and may include video or sound files, maps, databases, and other documentation.

The Gascon Rolls Project 1317-1468
The history of the Plantagenet government, its nature, exercise and legacy, in the overseas possessions held by the English kings as dukes of Aquitaine in south-west France during the Middle Ages (1154-1453) has attracted a considerable body of scholarly publication and interest. The published primary sources for its study are, however, very incomplete, full of gaps and of variable quality. The Gascon Rolls Project is an attempt to fill this gap by providing an online database, including regularly updated calendar editions of the rolls themselves.

Guide to Evagrius Ponticus
Provides definitive lists of Evagrius’s works, of editions and translations of those works, and of studies related to his life and thought. It includes an inventory of key ancient sources that refer to Evagrius and a display of imagery from the ancient world. Updated quarterly, the Guide will gradually introduce a manuscript checklist, images of manuscripts, transcriptions of those manuscripts, and open source critical editions of Evagrius’s writings.

Gutenberg digital
Web-based version of the Göttingen Gutenberg Bible, along with Model Book and Notary Instrument, presented by the University of Göttingen.

Guto’r Glyn.net
English translations of the poetry of Guto’r Glynn (c. 1412-c.1493), a Welsh language poet and soldier of the era of the Beirdd yr Uchelwyr (“Poets of the Nobility”) or Cywyddwyr (“cywydd-men”), the itinerant professional poets of the later Middle Ages. He is considered one of the greatest exponents, if not the greatest, of the tradition of “praise-poetry”, verse addressed to a noble patron. In addition this page explains life in 15th century Wales and the Marches.

Henry III Fine Rolls Project
A window into English history, 1216 – 1272. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and combining King’s College London’s Department of History and Centre for Computing in the Humanities with The National Archives and Canterbury Christ Church University, The Henry III Fine Rolls Project is a unique and pioneering enterprise which democratises the rolls by making them freely available in English translation with a sophisticated electronic search engine. The project is making the rolls intelligible, investigatable and freely available in the following ways: An English translation of the rolls in electronic form on the KCL website, with indexes and a search facility; printed volumes of the same translation, with full indexes, published by Boydell and Brewer; and digital facsimile images of the rolls on the KCL website. In addition the Project Team is writing a book about the historical value of the rolls and their place in English royal government.

Mapping the Medieval Countryside: Places, People, and Properties in the Inquisitions Post Mortem
Mapping the Medieval Countryside is a major research project dedicated to the online publication of medieval English inquisitions post mortem (IPMs). These inquisitions, which recorded the lands held at their deaths by tenants of the crown, comprise the most extensive and important body of source material for landholding in medieval England. They describe the lands held by thousands of families, from nobles to peasants, and are a key source for the history of almost every settlement in England (and of many in Wales). They are indispensable to local and family historians as well as to academic specialists in areas in diverse as agrarian history and political society. The project will publish a searchable English translation of the IPMs covering the periods 1236 to 1447 and 1485 to 1509. From 1399 to 1447 the text will be enhanced to enable sophisticated analysis and mapping of the inquisitions’ contents. The online texts will be accompanied by a wealth of commentary and interpretation to enable all potential users to use this source easily and effectively.

Medieval Manuscripts on the Web
The list is intended to offer quick access to various digitization projects on the web. Listings are alphabetical by country, then city, and then by originating institution.

MIRABILE, Digital Archives for Medieval Latin Culture
Mirabile is an online content aggregator for medieval resources that enables users to search in the highly specialized databases promoted during the last three decades, by the Società Internazionale per lo Studio del Medioevo Latino. In addition, Mirabile lets you get access to the online digital versions of the scientific publications from Edizioni del Galluzzo. Using a quick and powerful web application you could browse for periodicals and articles, as well as search in the vast amount of records coming from: Medioevo latino (MEL), the well known bibliographical bulletin; Bibliotheca Scriptorum Latinorum Medii recentiorisque Aevi (BISLAM), the most influential authority list for names of latin medieval authors; and Compendium Auctorum Medii Aevi (CALMA), the authoritative index of medieval authors and works. There is a charge for accessing full records and articles.

Monasterium 
This online archive enables time- and space-independent research. With more than 500,000 medieval and early modern documents from more than 60 institutions in 10 European countries, Monasterium makes available historical documents that demonstrate the political, economic and cultural development in Europe of the Middle Ages and offers free access to digital copies.

Monumenta Germaniae Historica
Institute of research into the European Middle Ages, based in Munich. Contains links to a digital version of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica.

Old Bailey Online
A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London’s central criminal court. A collaboration between the Universities of Hertfordshire and Sheffield and the Open University, this project was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the Big Lottery Fund. Project Directors are Clive Emsley, Tim Hitchcock, and Robert Shoemaker; the project manager is Sharon Howard and the chief technical officer is Jamie McLaughlin.

Patrologia Latina 
The Patrologia Latina Database is an electronic version of the first edition of Jacques-Paul Migne’s Patrologia Latina, published between 1844 and 1855, and the four volumes of indexes published between 1862 and 1865. The Patrologia Latina comprises the works of the Church Fathers from Tertullian in 200 AD to the death of Pope Innocent III in 1216. The database contains the complete Patrologia Latina, including all prefatory material, original texts, critical apparatus and indexes. Migne’s column numbers, essential references for scholars, are included.

The Princeton Dante Project
An annotated electronic text of Dante’s Comedy and minor works for instructional and scholarly use. It includes the text of the Comedy in both Italian and English (facing translation); an Italian and English voice recording of the poem; the Doré and Nattini illustrations for the Comedy; maps and diagrams; Toynbee’s Dante Dictionary; and historical, philological, visual, and interpretive footnotes.

Project Gutenberg
More than 59,000 electronic texts available on the internet. Not specifically medieval, but a useful all-round resource.

St Gall Manuscripts
The monastery of St. Gall in Switzerland was founded in 719 and still exists today. This collection is a group of manuscripts known to have been held in the St. Gall Library in the ninth century. Also included in this collection are manuscripts from the same period held in the nearby monastery of Reichenau. Analysis of extant monastic library catalogues and study of the hands of known scribes has made it possible to identify approximately seventy extant manuscripts that can be placed with certainty at these two monasteries in the course of the ninth century. By selecting one of the St. Gallen or Reichenau manuscripts from the list you can examine digital images of these manuscripts, codicological descriptions, bibliographies, as well as the texts that they contain. Currently, several manuscripts are available and more are being added continuously.

The Skaldic Project – Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages
An international project to edit the corpus of medieval Norse-Icelandic skaldic poetry, with a searchable database.

The Taxatio Database
taxatio is an assessment for taxation and the taxatio with which this database is concerned is often called the Pope Nicholas IV taxatio because it was carried out on the orders of that pope. For nearly 250 years virtually all ecclesiastical taxation of England and Wales was based on this extremely thorough and detailed assessment. It is a unique source for the medieval period: no other complete survey of its kind survives for any part of medieval Europe. An edition of one of the many extant manuscripts of the assessment was produced by the Record Commission in 1802: Taxatio Ecclesiastica Angliae et Walliae Auctoritate P. Nicholai IV, ed. T.Astle, S.Ayscough and J.Caley. All the detailed material concerning the values of ecclesiastical benefices in this printed edition (the ‘spiritualities’ part of the assessment as distinct from the ‘temporalities’ part) has been entered into the database. The database is easy to understand, but you do need to know specific church names, as it is not possible to browse the tables.

TEAMS – The Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages
The website for The Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages, with links to their teaching texts and online library of Middle English texts.

Troubadours, Trouveres and the Crusades 
The crusades have left a profound and disturbing legacy in inter-cultural and inter-faith relations nationally and worldwide. They continue to be of compelling interest and relevance to students, scholars and the wider public, with crusading rhetoric alive in the global political discourse transmitted daily in the media. A four-year Anglo-Italian project, funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the UK, will allow academic researchers and teachers, school-teachers, students, and any interested member of the general public to access and exploit original source material. Some 200 texts will be made freely accessible and downloadable online in high-quality editions, and will be translated into both English and Italian.

The Utrecht Psalter Online
Most experts agree that the Utrecht Psalter was made in 820-830, in Reims or in the nearby abbey of Hautvilliers, and was perhaps commissioned by archbishop Ebbo. It may have been a gift for Charlemagne’s son Louis the Pious, his wife Judith, or else their newborn son, the later emperor Charles the Bald. Specialists point to the late Roman iconography and the use of the late Roman capitalis rustica as script to show that the illustrations are (partly) based on one or more models from the 5th century. However, there is no question of mere copying, as the illustrations show all kinds of Carolingian elements, interests and interpretations. Some even suspect political messages in certain illustrations. This source allows an exploration of the manuscript.

Viking Society Web Publications
Downloadable versions of all publications from the Viking Society for Northern Research from its inception in 1893 to the present. Includes the Dorothea Coke Memorial Lectures, the Saga-Book, A New Introduction to Old Norse, editions and translations of primary texts, and more. Note recent titles may not be released until five years from the date of publication.

Vindolanda Tablets Online
Online edition of the Vindolanda writing tablets, excavated from the Roman fort at Vindolanda in northern England. The website is part of the Script, Image and the Culture of Writing in the Ancient World program, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. It is a collaborative project between the Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents and the Academic Computing Development Team, Oxford University.

Wulfstan’s Homilies
This electronic edition of the Old English eschatological homilies is designed to bring together Wulfstan’s writings on the last days and his sources in an easily accessible format. It includes newly edited texts and new translations of the five homilies, fully glossed texts of each homily, and transcriptions of the manuscripts in which they are preserved, combined with the Latin and Old English sources, as well as analogues which pertain to Wulfstan’s work. The site also includes a bibliography of primary and secondary materials.